1-1.5 metres, Time to ultimate height Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. We will not sell or share your email address. needle palm Adam's needle and thread, Carolina silk grass Our Lord's candle spoonleaf yucca thready Adam's needle, Family All plant pages have their own unique code. Nodding creamy-white flowers 6cm in length are borne in panicles to 2m in height in late … Grow outdoors in any well-drained soil in full sun. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). Hess & Robbins (in FNA, vol. Mature plants usually bloom once a year, although cutting off spent stalks may encourage a second bloom. A tasty addition to the salad bowl[183]. Yucca Flaccida ‘Ivory Towers’ is a hardy yucca to zone 5 with long sword like foliage that is variegated. Edible Parts: Flowers  Fruit  StemEdible Uses: Fruit - raw or cooked[2, 46, 61]. Yucca filamentosa 'Colour Guard'. Soapweed yucca (Yucca glauca) thrives in the cold temperatures of USDA plant hardiness zone 3, with winter temperatures dipping as low as minus 35 degrees. Variegated needle palm. We are currently updating this section. Dislikes peaty or chalky soils[111]. It is naturally a focal point in the landscape, also providing a tropical touch in temperate gardens. Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions. Saponins are much more toxic to some creatures, such as fish, and hunting tribes have traditionally put large quantities of them in streams, lakes etc in order to stupefy or kill the fish[K]. This species is one of the toughest members of the genus and once established is capable of surviving, and even thriving, despite considerable neglect. Flower borders and beds We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. 15 - Occasional light frost, at night down to -2C, during the day above 5C. Dramatic architectural plants have spear-shaped leaves of silvery green edged in white. Seed is not produced in Britain unless the flowers are hand pollinated. More >>>. I have learned to live with the negatives. Forms dramatic clumps with age. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. ... Hardiness Zones: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10 . Form: Rounded. Right plant wrong place. Join It has also been planted in mass on 3- to 4-foot centers to form a ground cover effect. How hardy are the Yuccas? Native to North and South America. Genus Yucca can be evergreen perennials, shrubs or trees, with dense or loose rosettes of stiff, sword-shaped leaves and tall panicles of bell-shaped flowers Details Y. filamentosa is a small stemless evergreen shrub forming clumps of sword-shaped, deep green leaves to 75cm in length, edged with curly filaments. May be subject to a leaf spot. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. The roots are rich in saponins and can be used as a soap substitute for washing the hair, body and clothing[46, 61, 82, 257]. These plants will have a lot more details displayed including an image. They are also destroyed by prolonged heat, such as slow baking in an oven. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. You will receive a range of benefits including: Flowers - raw or dried, crushed and used as a flavouring[159, 164, 177]. It is included in an evolving list of plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts. We have found the flowers to be fairly bitter[K]. Leaves appear as though they have been shaved because leaf margins bear curved, filamentous threads of leaf tissue. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. Officially the RHS rating is H5 which means it can tolerate temperatures down to the -10°c to -15°c. Alocasia. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. Home / Shrubs / Yucca filamentosa ‘Color Guard’ Yucca filamentosa ‘Color Guard’ (Color Guard, Yucca) $ 17.99. While these leaves reach only 2-3 feet in height, the flower stalks supporting a loose panicle […] Join the RHS today and support our charitable work, Keep track of your plants with reminders & care tips – all to help you grow successfully, For the latest on RHS Shows in 2020 and 2021, read more, RHS members get free access to RHS Gardens, Free entry to RHS members at selected times », Reduced prices on RHS Garden courses and workshops, General enquiries Yucca filamentosa Adam's Needle 1. Pick up a theme, either mineral with our great collections of agaves, yucca or dasylirion, or exuberant with our tree ferns. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Yucca is a genus of perennial shrubs and trees in the family Asparagaceae.They are native to the hot and dry parts of North America, Central America, South America and the Caribbean. The fibres are cooked for 2 hours with lye and then beaten in a ball mill for 4 hours. Division of suckers in late spring. Edward F. Gilman 2. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. Description. Locate the plant 3 to 4 feet back from the A very easily grown plant, it thrives in most soils but prefers a sandy loam and full exposure to the south[11]. Yucca filamentosa 'Variegata' Adam's Needle. This moth cannot live in Britain and, if fruit and seed is required, hand pollination is necessary. Yucca filamentosa -- Adam’s Needle Page 3 October 1999 Use and Management Adam’s Needle can be used as a specimen to accent an area in the landscape. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). 1). Hardiness for Yucca species, hybrids and cultivars. Y. filamentosa is a small stemless evergreen shrub forming clumps of sword-shaped, deep green leaves to 75cm in length, edged with curly filaments. The Color Guard Yucca has a mounded growing habit. Naturalized in S. Europe. Saponins are found in many common foods such as beans[K]. Its leaves are a creamy yellow with green edges in the spring and summer. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Their sword-like foliage radiates upward from a central crown, remaining upright all year round except in the heaviest snows. var s = '' The hardiness of most of these plants will stun you! To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. It develops a large, fleshy, white taproot with deep lateral roots. Whilst saponins are quite toxic to people, they are poorly absorbed by the body and so tend to pass straight through. Tough as nails, yuccas are the ideal plant for a no-maintenance garden. ... Hardiness Zones: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10 . Yucca can be evergreen perennials, shrubs or trees, with dense or loose rosettes of stiff, sword-shaped leaves and tall panicles of bell-shaped flowers, Details We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. Agroforestry Services: Living fence  Industrial Crop: Fiber  Management: Standard  Regional CropLandscape Uses:Border, Container, Erosion control, Foundation, Ground cover, Massing, Rock garden, Seashore, Specimen. For a list of references used on this page please go here. Britton, N.L., and A. Brush  Fibre  Paper  SoapA fibre obtained from the leaves is used for making ropes, cloth, baskets and mats[21, 46, 61, 82, 169]. Propagate by seed or remove rooted suckers, Suggested planting locations and garden types For more information about QR Codes click here. Search by plant name, key attributes or both to find plant details and a list of A poultice made from the roots is used in the treatment of sores, skin diseases and sprains[222, 257]. Very attractive on their own, even prettier when topped by 6' stalks of creamy white flowers in summer. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. Plant them out into their permanent positions in early summer and consider giving them some winter protection for at least their first winter outdoors - a simple pane of glass is usually sufficient[K]. Yucca filifera Identification Sheet Origin Central Mexico Genus Yucca Species / Cultivar filifera Common name(s) Palma China Synonym Yucca australis Situation Full sun, dry, well-drained soil Eventual height 6m-10m after many decades Eventual spread 2m-3m eventually Hardiness-8C … document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. The roots contain saponins[222]. 020 3176 5800 South-eastern N. America - Southern New Jersey to Florida. Plants are hardy to at least -15°c when grown in a well-drained soil. Large and fleshy[161, 183]. Yucca flaccida NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Asparagaceae, Genus Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. The Color Guard Yucca is a low maintenance plant that gives your yard a sophisticated look. A fairly compact species, it nevertheless presents a striking appearance with its sword-like leaves and dramatic flowerheads. 16 - Frequent moderate frost, at night down to -7C, during the day above 5C. Common Name: Adam's Needle, Yucca. Flowers may require hand-pollination to set seed. I love the hardiness of it and the evergreen quality during the yucky OH winters. Introduction. 0.5-1 metres, Ultimate spread Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. Also known as Spanish bayonet and needle palm, this shrub is native to coastal sand dunes and beaches through the Southeastern U.S. And […] 3. Their sword-like foliage radiates upward from a central crown, remaining upright all year round except in the heaviest snows. Its striking texture will draw attention. Divided into 3 groups these lists, linked below, are maintained by a team of RHS staff and are reviewed annually. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Hand. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. We have found that it is best to pot up smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse or cold frame until they are growing away well. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. The slender leaves, which end in a spine, can reach a length of over two feet long on large plants. : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Plants are hardier when grown on poor sandy soils[200]. Nodding creamy-white flowers 6cm in length are borne in panicles to 2m in height in late summer, Plant range They make a cream paper[189]. Yucca filamentosa 'Variegata' Other names. USA, All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Yucca filamentosa is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a medium rate. It needs full sun and a well-drained soil, preferring an acid or slightly alkaline pH range of 5.5 to 7.5. Members of this genus seem to be immune to the predations of rabbits[233]. Yucca filamentosa is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a medium rate. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. The leaves are edged with curly filaments and are tinged with pink and rose during the winter months. The "yucca flower" is the state flower of New Mexico. * Exclusive content not on the website * Important announcements and news Individual crowns are monocarpic, dying after flowering[233]. Yucca filamentosa Adam's Needle Boething Treeland Farms grows over 1,200 varieties of trees, shrubs, perennials and specialty plants on ten California nurseries to serve the wholesale landscape and nursery industries throughout the Western United States and beyond. Yucca filamentosa (Adam's needle and thread) Another hardy Yucca is Y. filamentosa taking temperatures down to -15°C, not all the varieties are this hardy so I am only going to mention the two Yucca filamentosa variants that are the hardiest and are available to buy in the UK. They disappear in winter, for a better flourish in spring! A very ornamental and free flowering species[1], there are some named varieties[182]. Truthfully, I have a love-hate relationship with it. Botanical name. New Mexico's state flower is also known as the "Lamparas de dios" which translates to "Lamps of the Lord" due to the bright mass of white flowers that protrude from a center stalk within the yucca plant. RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from the RHS Gardening Advice team. It has escaped cultivation and extended its original range north into New England. suppliers. It features a basal rosette of rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped green leaves (to 30 long and to 4 wide) with long filamentous (as per … Established plants are very drought resistant[190]. My experiences with yucca (I forgot there was another name for it) have been mostly positive. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. Mon – Fri | 9am – 5pm, Join the RHS today and support our charity. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. 2. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. Yucca filamentosa 'Color Guard' (Adam's Needle) is a very ornamental, broadleaf evergreen shrub featuring a basal rosette of rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped, rich green leaves with a broad, central, brilliant yellow stripe. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Adam's needle is a slow-growing native plant found scattered through the woods in the southeastern United States (Fig. Although stemless, it has a rosette of stiff, sword-shaped leaves with loose filaments attached at the leaf margins, which distinguish it from other members of the genus. Yucca filamentosa 'Bright Edge' Common Name: Adam's Needle, Yucca. An eye-catching architectural accent growing 3’ tall by 3’ wide, Yucca filamentosa ‘Color Guard’ has wide, sword-like leaves. times, Need more criteria? Plants growing in dense weed competition on our Cornwall trial grounds have managed to spread and even flower[K]. Pre-soaking the seed for 24 hours in warm water may reduce the germination time. The exotic and tropical appearance of this sport of Yucca filamentosa belies it UK hardiness credentials. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.Poultice  SalveMedicinal Parts: Leaves and roots of non-flowering plants[301]. The fruit is often dried for winter use[1]. Yucca filamentosa NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Y. filamentosa is widely cultivated in mild temperateand subtropical climates. No species name is given in the citation. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. In the plants native environment, its flowers can only be pollinated by a certain species of moth. Adam’s Needle is a broadleaf evergreen, suckering shrub from the Southeastern states. Yucca filamentosa L. Common Name: ADAM'S NEEDLE: Plant Notes: Yucca flaccida has been recognized as a distinct species but there is some uncertainty on how it is characterized. Native to the southeastern United States, Yucca filamentosa (Adam's Needle) is a very ornamental, broadleaf evergreen shrub featuring a basal rosette of rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped, deep green leaves edged with curly filaments. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. 1. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Mediterranean Climate Plants Architectural City & Courtyard Gardens Coastal Cottage & Informal Garden, Pests May be attacked by aphids on flower spikes, Diseases Once planted and established, it is difficult to remove… Africa, Antigua and Barbuda, Asia, Australia, Egypt, Europe, France, India, Mediterranean, Myanmar, North Africa, North America, Turkey, USA. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Flower Color: White Shades. However, the crown will usually produce a number of sideshoots before it dies and these will grow on to flower in about four years[233]. Our Botanical team are working hard to increase the number of plants with detailed information. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets, Ultimate height Genus: Yucca. This QR Code is unique to this page. Yucca Yucca. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Flowering stem - cooked and used like asparagus[164]. Dip in dry wood ashes to stop any bleeding and plant in a sandy soil in pots in a greenhouse until established[78]. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. Drought and heat 3 vols. 222879/SC038262, If you enter just a plant name, you will see results from the old RHS Plant Finder and Selector databases. Click on the photo or the name of the succulent plant for which you wish to see further information. Variety or Cultivar 'Variegata' _ 'Variegata' is an evergreen shrub with blue-green, sword-shaped leaves with cream margins and large panicles of cream flowers in summer. It is in leaf all year, in flower from July to August. Lift in April/May and remove small buds from base of stem and rhizomes. Can succeed in light shade[K]. Liver and gallbladder disorders[301]. It is an evergreen shrub with basal rosettes of erect, inversely lance-shaped, pale green leaves which are rigid but not sharp when touched. Genus. Special Features:Attracts birds, Attractive foliage, North American native, Attracts butterflies, Attractive flowers or blooms. 1913. Spoonleaf Yucca, Adam's needle, Desert Candle, Needle Palm, St. Peter's Palm, Spanish Bayonet, Comm. Remove spent flowering stems, Propagation You can unsubscribe at anytime. Flower Color: White Shades. Curled threads line the edges o… If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse or cold frame for at least their first two winters. The Plants Database includes the following 30 species of Yucca .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Brown. Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse. Yucca filamentosa . Each sturdy leaf in the cluster has a bold, yellow stripe with green margins. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. It usually germinates within 1 - 12 months if kept at a temperature of 20°c. the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9, Other common names They are: This plant will provide nectar and pollen for bees and the many other types of pollinating insects. Try an advanced search, RHS Registered Charity no. The leaves are used as paint brushes[92]. Mature plants reach 3 feet tall and have a flower spike that can reach 4 to 5 feet with white flowers. Yucca filamentosa, commonly called Adams needle, Spanish bayonet, yucca and needle palm, is a virtually stemless broadleaf evergreen shrub (though it looks more like a perennial than a shrub) that is native to beaches, sand dunes and fields from South Carolina south to Florida and Mississippi. Virtually all of the features of the old searches are still available and in addition we have added several new features to create a more comprehensive and user friendly search experience. Tough as nails, yuccas are the ideal plant for a no-maintenance garden. 14 - No frost at all, fatal, keep above 5C. 10-20 years, Cultivation Yucca is a fantastic plant which does resemble exotic parts of the world but is extremely hardy. This can be quite easily and successfully done using something like a small paint brush. We have combined these two powerful search tools into a single Find a Plant service searching over 250,000 plant records. Sword-like leaves, boldly edged in bright gold topped by tall spikes of fragrant, ivory white blooms. It is readily distinguished from other … Sand dunes, waste ground and pine forests along the coastal plain[11, 43]. RHS Garden Hyde Hall Spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected Smaller than the species, perfect for adding contrast and texture as a garden accent or container plant. Each leaf is green with two white margins down the sides. Root cuttings in late winter or early spring. Bloom Color: White. If you select any attributes with or without a plant name, you will see a much narrower selection of results taken only from the old RHS Plant Selector database. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. Common name Yucca, Spanish bayonet, spineless yucca, Adam’s needle and thread, Spanish dagger Botanical name Yucca aloifolia, Y. elephantipes, Y. filamentosa, Y gloriosa Group Shrub or tree Flowering time Summer (sparsely) Planting time Spring Height and spread 55cm-10m (22in-33ft) by 1.5-8m (5-26ft) Aspect Outdoors: full sun to light shade.Indoors: bright, filtered light Spanish Bayonet, Aloe yucca, Dagger Plant, Yucca, Spanish Bayonet, Narrowleaf yucca, Kanab yucca, Toft's yucca, Yucca, Spanish Bayonet, Banana yucca, Blue Yucca, Spanish Yucca, Joshua Tree, Jaeger's Joshua tree, Yucca, Joshua Tree, Soap Tree, Soaptree yucca, Soapweed, Soapweed Yucca, Soapweed, Soapweed yucca, Gurney's yucca, American Vetch, Yucca, Narrowleaf Yucca, Soapweed, Spanish Dagger, moundlily yucca, Palm Lily, Roman Candle, Mound Lily Yucca, Spanish Dagger, Spanish Bayonet, New Mexico Spanish bayonet. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Adam's needle grows to a height of about 2 to 3 feet (not counting the flower stalk) at maturity, with a spread slightly smaller than the height. Plant them out in the following spring. The fibre can also be used for making paper[189] The leaves are harvested in summer, they are scraped to remove the outer skin and are then soaked in water for 24 hours prior to cooking. I also love the look of the flowers. The leaves are blade-like and form a basal rosette (beginners may think that the leaf shape resembles that of bearded iris, although long-time gardeners may disagree.)